Canzoni contro la guerra di Tristania
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TristaniaTristania is a gothic metal band from Norway, formed in 1996 by Morten Veland, Einar Moen and Kenneth Olsson. Tristania's music is usually classified as gothic metal with death/doom influences (especially on the early albums), due to its strong ties with the goth metal's history.[citation needed] The band name could be a reference to trist, which means "sad" or "depressing" in Norwegian; and/or the tristania flower.

On their early albums the band's sound was based on melodic death metal riffs with dominant and eerie keyboard and choirs. Doom metal is another strong influence, which can be heard in the slow, melancholic riffing. Tristania put a lot of focus on operatic female vocals, haunting choruses, and classical instruments such as pipe organ, harpsichord, flutes and violins. On the band's early albums there was also a prominent focus on the death vocals of Morten Veland. This combination of death vocals with female operatics and majestic gothic choruses is believed by many fans to have reached its pinnacle on their album Beyond The Veil.

On later albums Tristania stepped back from the bombastic layer-over-layer production and focused more on balancing the various vocal styles.[citation needed] Østen Bergøy was added on clean male vocals (hollow baritone) for the album Beyond The Veil, first as a guest singer and later as a full band member. After the departure of Veland, the death vocals were performed by guitarist Anders Høyvik Hidle and Kjetil Ingebrethsen (who joined the band officially for the album Ashes), and a variety of guest vocalists.

Tristania was founded 1996 in Stavanger, Norway by Einar Moen (keyboards), Morten Veland (vocals/guitar), and Kenneth Olsson (drums). A few weeks later Anders Høyvik Hidle (guitars/vocals) and Rune Østerhus (bass) joined the band. In May 1997 the band entered the studio for the first time and recorded their demo in Klepp Lydstudio. Vibeke Stene was initially recruited as a guest singer for the demo recording, but she later joined as a regular member. During the summer of 1997 different labels showed interest in the demo. Tristania signed with Napalm Records and released the EP Tristania.

Tristania's first full length album, Widow's Weeds, was recorded at the end of 1997 and released early 1998. The album is symphonic metal with elements from a large variety of genres including gothic metal, death metal, classical music, and black metal. Two guest performers who were involved in Widow's Weeds would later get more prominent roles on Tristania’s albums; singer Østen Bergøy (who would later become a full band member) and violinist Pete Johansen. Tristania got to do their first shows outside of Norway as support act for Lacrimosa in Belgium and at the Mind over Matter festival in Austria in August 1998. Later the same year Tristania went on their first European tour, with Solefald and Haggard.

The band's second full length album Beyond The Veil was released in 1999. As on the debut album, Moen and Veland wrote the majority of the music, but Moen and Hidle emerged as a songwriting team. Jan Kenneth Barkved appeared as an additional singer. Tristania followed up the release with their first headlining tour with The Sins of Thy Beloved, Trail of Tears and Antichrisis as support acts. The band also toured with Tiamat and Anathema in 1999. The band continued touring extensively in 2000. In December 2000 Veland and the rest of the band agreed on going separate ways, due to musical and personal differences.

World of Glass was released in September 2001, with guest contributions from Ronny Thorsen, Johansen, and Barkved. The album added classical and industrial elements to Tristania's sound, and included the band's only cover version: "The Modern End," originally by Seigman. Bergøy, now a permanent member of the band, also began to write lyrics on this album and has since become the band's main lyricist. Kjetil Ingebrethsen joined the band prior to the World of Glass tour on extreme vocals. On that tour Tristania was supported by Rotting Christ, Vintersorg, and Madder Mortem. More touring of Europe and Latin America followed in 2002.

In 2003-2004 Tristania took a break from performing live to focus solely on songwriting. Ashes was released on SPV/Steamhammer Records in February 2005 and featured a stripped-down sound that de-emphasized the classical and operatic elements of the previous albums. The band then toured Europe and Latin America (sometimes without Moen, who chose to remain at home and focus on songwriting[citation needed]) along with Nightwish, Gothminister, and Kreator. After the tours, Ingebrethsen decided to leave the band as he wanted to continue his musical career at a lower level. The band decided not to recruit a replacement, and Hidle took over the growling vocals.

Illumination was released in January 2007, with touring guitarist Svein Terje Solvang added as an official member. Vorph of Samael appeared as a guest singer and a string quartet appeared on several songs. Shortly after the release of the album, Vibeke Stene suddenly decided to quit her musical career in order to focus on family and her work as a teacher.[citation needed] As a result, all planned touring activities were put on hold. After holding auditions for a singer with a voice different than Stene's, Tristania recruited singer Mariangela Demurtas from Sardinia, Italy, who officially joined the band in October 2007.

Østerhus and Solvang both quit the band in 2008. Ole Vistnes joined as the new bassist and Gyri Losnegaard later joined as second guitarist. The new line-up featuring Demurtas on vocals debuted on February 29, 2008 at a festival appearance in Kiev, Ukraine. In 2010, May 12th, the band announced the title of its 6th Album, Rubicon, but the release date hasn't been decided yet.

Current members:

* Østen Bergøy - Clean Vocals (1998-2009, currently on Hiatus)
* Mariangela Demurtas - Female Vocals (2007-Present)
* Anders Høyvik Hidle - Guitars & Harsh Vocals (1996-Present)
* Gyri Losnegaard - Guitars (2009-Present)
* Ole Vistnes - Bass (2008-Present)
* Einar Moen - Synth & Programming (1996-Present)
* Kenneth Olsson - Drums (1996-Present)

Session (Live):

* Kjetil Nordhus - Clean Vocals (2009-Present) (Replacing Østen Bergøy during his Hiatus)
* Tarald Lie - Drums (2006-Present)

Former members

* Morten Veland - Guitars & Harsh Vocals (1996-2000)
* Kjetil Ingebrethsen - Harsh Vocals (2002-2006)
* Vibeke Stene - Female Vocals (1997-2007)
* Svein Terje Solvang - Guitars (2005-2008)
* Rune Østerhus - Bass (1996-2009)

Session members

* Pete Johansen - (Violin on Widow's Weeds, Beyond the Veil, World of Glass and Rubicon)
* Jan Kenneth Barkved - (Clean Vocals on Beyond The Veil and World Of Glass)
* Ronny Thorsen - (Harsh Vocals on World Of Glass)
* Hans Josef Groh - (Cello on Ashes)
* Vorph - (Harsh Vocals on Illumination)
* Petra Stalz - (Violin on Illumination)
* Heike Haushalter - (Violin on Illumination)
* Monika Malek - (Viola on Illumination)
* Gesa Hangen - (Cello on Illumination)
* Kjell Rune Hagen - (Live Bass, 2005-2008)

Official Website: